四种方式实现轮播图

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不论是app,还是网站,基本上都会出现轮播图,今天和大家分享几种不同工具实现轮播图的几种方式。

轮播图的基本样式和功能就不需要解释了,相信能根据题目选择看文章的话都知道啥是轮播图,如果哪位读者老爷真的让非要我解释一下啥是轮播图,求您饶了在下吧,真心词穷~

为了方便大家观看,我把css,html,js都写在一个文件里。

swiper插件实现轮播图 swiper是一个实现轮播图很强大,上手也容易。并且也是现在app,网址等用的最多的, 官方网址:http://www.swiper.com.cn/

下载插件导入,按照教程即可实现精美效果

运行效果

代码部分:

<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Document</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="swiper-3.4.1.min.css">
    <script type="text/javascript" src="jquery/jquery-3.0.0.min.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="swiper-3.4.1.jquery.min.js"></script>
    <style type="text/css">
        .swiper-container{            
            width: 790px;            
            height: 340px;
        }    
    </style>
    </head>
    <!-- 结构以及class的类名不允许更改 -->
    <body>
    <div class="swiper-container">
        <div class="swiper-wrapper">
            <div class="swiper-slide">![]((1).jpg)</div>
            <div class="swiper-slide">![]((2).jpg)</div>
            <div class="swiper-slide">![]((3).jpg)</div>
            <div class="swiper-slide">![]((4).jpg)</div>
            <div class="swiper-slide">![]((5).jpg)</div>
            <div class="swiper-slide">![]((6).jpg)</div>
            <div class="swiper-slide">![]((7).jpg)</div>
            <div class="swiper-slide">![]((8).jpg)</div>
        </div>
        <!-- 如果需要分页器 -->
        <div class="swiper-pagination"></div>
        
        <!-- 如果需要导航按钮 -->
        <div class="swiper-button-prev"></div>
        <div class="swiper-button-next"></div>
        
        <!-- 如果需要滚动条 -->
        <!-- <div class="swiper-scrollbar"></div> -->
       </div>
        
        <script type="text/javascript">
            var mySwiper = new Swiper ('.swiper-container', {    
            // 滚动方向 horizontal/vertical
            direction: 'horizontal',    
            // 自动播放
            autoplay:2000,    
            // 是否循环播放
            loop: true,    
            // 如果需要分页器(小圆点)
            // 是否需要分页器
            pagination: '.swiper-pagination',    
            // 点击分页器是否切换到对应的图片 是 true 否 false
            paginationClickable:true,    
            
            // 如果需要前进后退按钮
            nextButton: '.swiper-button-next',
            prevButton: '.swiper-button-prev', 
               
            // 用户操作swiper之后,是否禁止autoplay。默认为true:停止。
            // 如果设置为false,用户操作swiper之后自动切换不会停止,每次都会重新启动autoplay。
            // 操作包括触碰,拖动,点击pagination等。
            autoplayDisableOnInteraction:false,
            }) 
        </script>
    </body>
</html>

JS实现轮播图

运行效果:

代码部分:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>轮播图</title>
    <style>
        #loopDiv{
            width: 790px;
            height: 340px;
            margin: 0 auto;
            position: relative;
        }
        
        #list{
            list-style: none;
        
            position: absolute;
            bottom: 10px;
            left: 250px;
        }
        #list li{
            float: left;
            width: 20px;
            height: 20px;
            line-height: 20px;
            text-align: center;
            border-radius: 50%;
            background: #aaa;
            margin-right: 10px;
        }
        .chooseBut{
            width: 50px;
            height: 80px;
            background-color: rgba(0,0,0,0.2);
            color: #fff;
            font-size: 30px;
            line-height: 80px;
            text-align: center;
            display: none;
        }
        #left{
            position: absolute;
            left: 0px;
            top: 130px;
        }
        #right{
            position: absolute;
            right: 0px;
            top: 130px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="loopDiv">
        <ul id="list">
            <li>1</li>
            <li>2</li>
            <li>3</li>
            <li>4</li>
            <li>5</li>
            <li>6</li>
            <li>7</li>
            <li>8</li>
        </ul>
        <div id="left"><</div>
        <div id="right">></div>
    </div>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        var jsDivBox = document.getElementById("loopDiv");
        //图片节点
        var jsImg = document.getElementById("pic");
        //左右按钮节点
        var jsLeft = document.getElementById("left");
        var jsRight = document.getElementById("right");
        //获取所有的li
        var jsUl = document.getElementById("list");
        var jsLis = jsUl.getElementsByTagName("li");
        //让第一个小圆点变为红色
        jsLis[0].style.backgroundColor = "red";
        
        //显示当前的图片下标
        var currentPage = 0;
        
        //启动定时器
        var timer = setInterval(func, 1000);
        function func() {
            currentPage++;
            changePic();
        
        }
        function changePic() {
            if (currentPage == 8) {
                currentPage = 0;
            }
            if (currentPage == -1) {
                currentPage = 7;
            }
            //更换图片
            //"img/1.jpg"
            jsImg.src = "img/" + currentPage + ".jpg";
            //将所有的小圆点颜色清空
            for (var i = 0; i < jsLis.length; i++) {
                jsLis[i].style.backgroundColor = "#aaa";
            }
            //改变对应小圆点为红色
            jsLis[currentPage].style.backgroundColor = "red";
        }
        
        //鼠标进入
        jsDivBox.addEventListener("mouseover", func1, false);
        function func1() {
            //停止定时器
            clearInterval(timer);
            //显示左右按钮
            jsLeft.style.display = "block";
            jsRight.style.display = "block";
        }
        //鼠标移出
        jsDivBox.addEventListener("mouseout", func2, false);
        function func2() {
            //重启定时器
            timer = setInterval(func, 1000);
        
            //隐藏左右按钮
            jsLeft.style.display = "none";
            jsRight.style.display = "none";
        }
            
        //点击左右按钮
        jsLeft.addEventListener("click", func3, false);
        function func3() {
            currentPage--;
            changePic();
        }
        jsLeft.onmouseover = function() {
            this.style.backgroundColor = "rgba(0,0,0,0.6)";
        }
        jsLeft.onmouseout = function() {
            this.style.backgroundColor = "rgba(0,0,0,0.2)";
        }
        jsRight.addEventListener("click", func4, false);
        function func4() {
            currentPage++;
            changePic();
        }
        jsRight.onmouseover = function() {
            this.style.backgroundColor = "rgba(0,0,0,0.6)";
        }
        jsRight.onmouseout = function() {
            this.style.backgroundColor = "rgba(0,0,0,0.2)";
        }
                
        //进入小圆点
        for (var j = 0; j < jsLis.length; j++) {
            jsLis[j].onmouseover = function() {
                currentPage = parseInt(this.innerHTML) - 1;
                changePic();
            };
        }
    </script>
</body>
</html>

jQuery实现轮播图

运行结果:


代码部分:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Document</title>
    <style type="text/css">
        .pic{
            width: 790px;
            height: 340px;
            margin: 10px auto;
            position: relative;
            overflow: hidden;
        }
        .content{
            width: 99999px;
            height: 340px;
            position: absolute;
            left: 0px;
            top: 0px;

        }
        .content img{
            float: left;
        }
        .index{
            position: absolute;
            left: 300px;
            bottom: 5px;
            width: 200px;
            height: 20px;
            list-style: none;
        }
        .index li{
            width: 10px;
            height: 10px;
            border-radius: 50%;
            float: left;
            margin-left: 10px;
            background-color: rgba(100,100,100,0.3);
        }

        .left{
            width: 30px;
            height:50px;
            background-color:rgba(100,100,100,0.5);  
            position: absolute;
            left: 0px;
            top: 150px;
            line-height: 50px;
            text-align: center;
            font-size: 20px;
            color: #fff;
            display: none;
        }
        .right{
            width: 30px;
            height:50px;
            background-color:rgba(100,100,100,0.5);  
            position: absolute;
            right: 0px;
            top: 150px;
            line-height: 50px;
            text-align: center;
            font-size: 20px;
            color: #fff;
            display: none;
        }
        .index .first{
            background-color: red;
        }

    </style>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="jquery/jquery-3.0.0.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div>
        <div>
            <img src="1.jpg"/>
            <img src="2.jpg"/>
            <img src="3.jpg"/>
            <img src="4.jpg"/>
            <img src="5.jpg"/>
            <img src="6.jpg"/>
            <img src="7.jpg"/>
            <img src="8.jpg"/>
        </div>
        <ul>
            <li></li>
            <li></li>
            <li></li>
            <li></li>
            <li></li>
            <li></li>
            <li></li>
            <li></li>
        </ul>
        <div>></div>
        <div><</div>
    </div>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        $(function(){
            //每个固定的时间移动图片
            var timer = setInterval(picLoop,1000);
            var index = 0;
            function picLoop(){
                index++;
                if (index==8) {index=0;}
                $(".content").animate({"left":-790*index},300);
                $("li").eq(index).css("background-color","red")
                       .siblings().css("background-color","rgba(100,100,100,0.3)");
            }

            //定时器的控制
            $(".pic").hover(function(){
                clearInterval(timer);
                $(".left").show();
                $(".right").show();
            },function(){
                timer = setInterval(picLoop,1000);
                $(".left").hide();
                $(".right").hide();
            })

            $("li").mouseover(function(){
                $(this).css("background-color","red")
                       .siblings().css("background-color","rgba(100,100,100,0.3)");
                index = $(this).index();
                $(".content").animate({"left":-790*index},300);

            })

            $(".left").click(function(){
                index--;
                if (index==-1) {index=7;}
                $(".content").animate({"left":-790*index},300);
                $("li").eq(index).css("background-color","red")
                       .siblings().css("background-color","rgba(100,100,100,0.3)");
            })
            $(".right").click(function(){
                index++;
                if (index==8) {index=0}
                $(".content").animate({"left":-790*index},300);
                $("li").eq(index).css("background-color","red")
                       .siblings().css("background-color","rgba(100,100,100,0.3)"); 
            })

        })
    </script>
</body>
</html>

css3实现轮播图

css3的轮播实用性差,但是也可以使用,但是可以锻炼我们的思维。

运行效果:


代码部分:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <meta charset="UTF-8">
        <title></title>
        <style>
        * {
            margin:0;
            padding:0;
        }

        ul {
            list-style:none;
        }
        .loop{
            position: relative;
            margin:30px auto;
            width:600px;
            height:300px;
        }
        
        #wrap {
             position:relative;
             width:600px;
             height:300px;
             border:1px solid #9cc5ef;
             overflow:hidden;
        }
        
        #slider {
              width:300%;
              height:100%;
              font:100px/400px Microsoft Yahei;
              text-align:center;
              color:#fff;
              margin-left:0;
              -webkit-animation:slide1 3s ease-out infinite;
        }
        
        #slider li {
              float:left;
              width:600px;
              height:100%;
        }
        #slider img{
             width:600px;
             height:100%;
        }
        /*创建三种动画策略*/
        @-webkit-keyframes slide1 {
          0% { margin-left:0;}
          23% { margin-left:0;}
          33% { margin-left:-600px;}
          56% { margin-left:-600px;}
          66% { margin-left:-1200px;}
          90% { margin-left:-1200px;}
          100% {margin-left:0;}
        }
        
        @-webkit-keyframes slide2 {
          0% { margin-left:-600px;}
          23% { margin-left:-600px;}
          33% { margin-left:-1200px;}
          56% { margin-left:-1200px;}
          66% { margin-left:0;}
          90% { margin-left:0;}
          100% {margin-left:-600px;}
        }
        
        @-webkit-keyframes slide3 {
          0% { margin-left:-1200px;}
          23% { margin-left:-1200px;}
          33% { margin-left:0;}
          56% { margin-left:0;}
          66% { margin-left:-600px;}
          90% { margin-left:-600px;}
          100% {margin-left:-1200px;}
        }
        
        
        /*当我们点击对应按钮时显示对应的动画*/
        #first:checked ~ #wrap #slider {
          -webkit-animation-name:slide1;
        }
        
        #second:checked ~ #wrap #slider {
          -webkit-animation-name:slide2;
        }
        
        #third:checked ~ #wrap #slider {
          -webkit-animation-name:slide3;
        }
        
        
        /*短暂地取消动画名称,模拟重启动画*/
        #first:active ~ #wrap #slider {
          -webkit-animation-name:none;
          margin-left:0;
        }
        
        #second:active ~ #wrap #slider {
          -webkit-animation-name:none;
          margin-left:-600px;
        }
        
        #third:active ~ #wrap #slider {
          -webkit-animation-name:none;
          margin-left:-1200px;
        }
        #opts {
          width:600px;
          height:40px;
          margin:auto;
          color:#fff;
          text-align:center;
          font:16px/30px Microsoft Yahei;
          position: absolute;
          top: 260px;
          left: 250px;
        }
        
        #opts label {
          float:left;
          width:30px;
          height:30px;
          margin-right:10px;
          background:#cccccc;
          cursor:pointer;
          border-radius: 50%;
        }
        
        #opts label:hover {
          background:#405871;
        }
        
        /* 隐藏Input按钮*/
        #first, #second, #third {
          display:none;
        }

        </style>
    </head>
    <body>
        <div class="loop">
            <input type="radio" name="slider" id="first">
            <input type="radio" name="slider" id="second">
            <input type="radio" name="slider" id="third">
              
            <div id="wrap">
              <ul id="slider">
                <li><img src="1.jpg"/></li>
                <li><img src="2.jpg"/></li>
                <li><img src="3.jpg"/></li>
              </ul>
            </div>  
            <div id="opts">
              <label for="first">1</label>
              <label for="second">2</label>
              <label for="third">3</label>
            </div>
        </div>
    </body>
</html>

作者:范小饭_

原文链接:HelloWeb前端网 » 四种方式实现轮播图 » 感谢您的浏览,希望能有所帮助。

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